Pledges for voluntary contributions in 2018 amounted to US$ 361.9 million.
The distribution of the funding was as follows:
- Earmarked or special-purpose funding: US$ 355.3 million (98.6 per cent)
- Non-earmarked or general-purpose funding: US$ 4.9 million (1.4 per cent)
- Since 2010, general-purpose funding has decreased by 75 per cent, while special-purpose funding has increased by more than 50 per cent. A greater predictability of available funds and a more flexible budgetary structure by increasing the amount of non-earmarked contributions would allow UNODC to:
- Strengthen crucial research efforts that support the needed evidence-based approach of its work; produce essential reports like the World Drug Report, annual reports on world crime trends, and many other substantive publications and evidence-based tools produced by UNODC on a regular basis as a crucial form of support.
- Reinforce advocacy campaigns to raise awareness of UNODC work and partnership-building efforts that will substantially broaden and strengthen public and private support for the tackling of the world’s drug problem and crime.
- Strengthen the field office network that plays a key role in providing technical assistance to the neediest countries.
- Increase organizational effectiveness, risk mitigation and cost recovery, and contribute to long-term sustainability of programmatic efforts that can be much more successful with longer term support.
Thanks to voluntary contributions, UNODC operates in 73 countries through 17 Field Offices and 56 Programme/Project offices with the majority of its staff based in the field.
UNODC works directly with Governments, international organizations, other UN entities, private sector and civil society groups to develop and implement integrated programmes that assist the countries and regions we work in to meet their international obligations under the drug control treaties; the UN convention on Transnational Organized Crime; and the UN Convention against Corruption; as well as the international instruments on terrorism prevention. As a result, most of these have reached near universal adherence.
Investing in tangible results
Results of voluntary contributions and the integrated programmatic approach of UNODC are providing substantive support for achieving different SDGs, as UNODC is the custodian of 15 SDG indicators on its own or jointly with other agencies.
The Organization is specifically focussing on the SDGs in close relation to its work, such as SDG 16, with its targets of promoting the rule of law through addressing transnational threats such as organized crime, trafficking, terrorism and corruption; SDG 3 with its emphasis on combatting drug use, dependence and related HIV; SDG 15 on wildlife crime, as well as SDG 11 on safer cities. Some concrete examples of UNODC support:
- Drug prevention, treatment and care are at the core of UNODC mandate. Since 2017 over 125,000 beneficiaries were reached through UNODC health programmes in the community, 150 NGOs were assisted in improving their drug and HIV/AIDS service delivery in over 60 countries, and 24 countries were assisted in addressing HIV in prisons, reaching at least 300,000 prisoners.
- Since 2003, UNODC has contributed to over 700 additional ratifications by Member States of the 19 international conventions and protocols related to terrorism. It has also trained over 28,000 criminal justice and law enforcement practitioners through technical assistance initiatives on a broad range of legal and criminal justice aspects pertaining to terrorism prevention.
- UNODC plays a key role in fighting human trafficking and migrant smuggling. For example, in 2017, UNODC provided technical assistance to 4,000 practitioners from government and civil society in 80 countries. Migrant smuggling is a billion-dollar business. Land routes used for smuggling of migrants across African borders generate estimated revenues for smugglers of up to approximately US$ 1.5 billion. The land route from Central America into North America is valued at an estimated US$ 3.7-4.2 billion.
- The Wildlife and Forest Crime Programme has supported more than 30 Member States in adopting appropriate national legislation to effectively investigate, prosecute and punish wildlife crime offenders, including dealing with money-laundering and confiscated assets derived from criminal enterprises. UNODC is one of the partners of the global campaign to raise awareness about the illegal wildlife trade that has reached nearly 4.5 million people.
- UNODC pays primary attention to the needs of the most vulnerable populations, children, youth and women. In partnership with the International Network of Women Who Use Drugs, it developed a training programme on addressing the specific needs of women who inject drugs and trained over 100 service providers, managers, and outreach workers in Egypt, Indonesia, Viet Nam and Thailand.
- In the last thirteen years, the Container Control Programme (CCP), jointly developed by UNODC and the World Customs Organization (WCO), has been leading in seizures of tons (MT) of illicit substances and goods. As an example, by the 3rd quarter of 2017, specially-trained Port control units of the CCP registered seizures of more than 200 tons of cocaine since the inception of the CCP Program (2003), among other controlled substances. (More than 200 tons of cocaine would represent an approximate market value of more than US$9 billion in Europe (average) and more than US$ 5.5 in the United States. )
- UNODC ensures the availability of scientific evidence for fair and transparent trials in 80 countries worldwide by supporting 220 forensic laboratories to assure the quality and reliability of their results – a prerequisite for safeguarding human rights and fundamental freedoms (SDG 16).
- The Global Maritime Crime Programme (GMCP) continues to showcase the innovative and effective technical assistance UNODC is providing to help Member States confront transnational organized crime at sea. As an example, maritime law enforcement teams that UNODC has helped build have disrupted the flow of ISIL fighters between Yemen and Somalia, saved lives of migrants in the waters of the Gulf of Aden, freed hostages and enforced fisheries laws that are vital for Somalia’s economy.
- In support of the UNCAC (United Nations Convention against Corruption) peer review mechanism, out of the 184 States Parties that participate in the review mechanism and are assisted by UNODC, UNODC has so far supported 164 countries to complete their reviews and identify recommendations to fully meet the UNCAC requirements on criminalization, law enforcement and international cooperation. It has also assisted 11 countries with regard to the UNCAC requirements on preventive measures and asset recovery.
- UNODC assists Members States to trace and confiscate proceeds of crime and corruption. For example, the establishment of the 13-country Asset Recovery Interagency Network of Southern Africa has, since 2016, frozen, confiscated or preserved assets linked to criminal activities valued at US$ 100 million.
List of pledges
for the period 01 January to 31 December 2018
LIST OF PLEDGES | for the period 01 January to 31 December 2018 (PDF)