Tools and Publications

Assessments I International cooperation tools I Databases I Manuals, Handbooks and Best Practices I Model laws and treaties I Legislative Guide for the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols thereto

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Thereto Assessments

In order to enhance the knowledge base available for Member States to develop effective international responses to transnational organized crime threats, UNODC has produced a series of regional and global and thematic transnational organized crime threat assessments.

International cooperation

UNODC has developed a variety of tools and publications to facilitate international cooperation, including an online directory of competent national authorities, a mutual legal assistance request writer tool, a legal databases and best practices case law.

Databases

SHERLOC (knowledge management portal)

http://sherloc.unodc.org

The SHERLOC (Sharing Electronic Resources and Laws On Crime) knowledge management portal was developed by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime to facilitate the dissemination of information regarding the implementation of the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its three Protocols. It consists of a Database of Legislation, a Case Law Database and the Directory of Competent National Authorities.

goCASE (Government office case management system)

http://gocase.unodc.org

The Government office Case Management system (goCASE) supports government agencies to conduct and manage investigations, prosecutions and regulatory actions of any kind. goCASE facilities the collection and development of intelligence to strengthen intelligence-led investigations and prosecutions, to support all criminal justice actors. It supports analysts in developing inferences and hypothesis, front-line officers and investigators in identifying and reacting to investigative leads, and prosecutors in handling court cases. As with other UNODC IT solutions, goCASE can be provided to Member States as a "stand-alone" solution or it can be seamlessly integrated with other criminal justice data management systems to form one global solution at substantially less cost to Member States than commercial software solutions.

Human Trafficking case law database

http://www.unodc.org/cld/en/about/index.html

UNODC has developed a human trafficking case law database to provide immediate, public access to officially documented instances of the crime. The database contains details on nationalities of victims and perpetrators, trafficking routes, verdicts and other information related to prosecuted cases from across the world. In doing so, it provides not only statistics on numbers of prosecutions and convictions, but also the real-life stories of trafficked persons as documented by the courts. The database aims to assist judges, prosecutors, policy-makers, media researchers and other interested parties by making available details of real cases with examples of how relevant national laws have been used to prosecute human trafficking.

Legal Library

http://www.unodc.org/enl/index.html

The UNODC on-line legal library provides valuable access to legislation adopted by States and territories worldwide to put into effect the International Drug Control Conventions and the United Nations Transnational Organized Crime Convention and its Protocols thereto. A valuable source of information for legislative drafters, researchers and students, the library contains legislation from over 150 States dating back to 1948 and is regularly updated with new legislation.

Manuals, Handbooks and Best Practices

Digest of organized crime cases English - French - Spanish- Italian

On the occasion of the Tenth Anniversary of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Organized Crime Convention), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the Italian and the Colombian Governments and INTERPOL decided to launch an initiative aimed at facilitating and assisting States in the implementation of the Convention by providing them with a compilation of illustrative cases of organized crime, and related  "good practices" in investigative and prosecutorial techniques, as well as in international cooperation in criminal matters.

The Digest is developed by the Implementation Support Section of the Organized Crime and Illicit Trafficking Branch of the Division for Treaty Affairs in cooperation with relevant units of UNODC, and in close cooperation with INTERPOL and from the sponsoring countries Italy and Colombia.

For more information please see: http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/organized-crime/digest-of-organized-crime-cases.html

Manual on Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition, 2012  Arabic - Chinese - English - French - Russian - Spanish

This manual is offered in response to Conference of Parties resolution 5/8 entitled "Implementation of the provisions on international cooperation of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime". In that resolution, UNODC was directed to develop a practical guide to facilitate the drafting, transmission and execution of requests for extradition and mutual legal assistance. The manual is intended for by central and other competent national authorities, policy makers and criminal justice practitioners including lawyers, investigators, judges and magistrates who are involved international legal assistance.

Manual on International Cooperation for the Purposes of Confiscation of Proceeds of Crime, 2012 English - French - Spanish

The focus of the Manual is national efforts aimed at successfully preventing criminals from profiting from crime. Its primary purpose is to facilitate asset recovery in accordance with the provisions of the Organized Crime Convention. It is to be used in close conjunction with the companion Manual on Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition.

Handbook on the International Transfer of Sentenced Persons, 2012 English

The nature of transnational organized crime means that it is increasingly common for criminals involved to be convicted and sentenced in foreign countries. This Handbook is designed to explain how transferring sentenced persons to serve their sentences in their home country can contribute to dealing with them fairly and effectively, and the cooperative process to facilitate their transfer.

Wildlife and Forest Crime Analytic Toolkit, 2012 English

Photo: UNODCThe Toolkit is designed to assist government officials in wildlife and forestry administration, and Customs and other relevant enforcement agencies to conduct a comprehensive analysis of possible means and measures related to the protection and monitoring of wildlife and forest products. In addition, other stakeholders at the international and national levels, as well as civil society, may find the Toolkit useful regarding their daily responsibilities. (Published by the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime, of which UNODC is a member.)

Current practices in electronic surveillance in the investigation of serious organized crime, 2009 English

 

 

 

 

 


Criminal Intelligence Manual for Analysts, 2011 English

This manual offers criminal intelligence guidance to analysts from understanding relevant concepts and categories, through to specific components of the intelligence process. Specially, the manual clarifies evaluation sources of intelligence and data, focusing particularly on basic analytical techniques, including link analysis, event charting, flow analysis and telephone analysis. The manual also equips practitioners to develop inferences and present he results of their analysis.

 

 

Criminal Intelligence Manual for Front-line Law Enforcement, 2010 English

This manual offers criminal intelligence guidance to law enforcement officers, from understanding relevant concepts and categories, through to specific components of the intelligence process. The Manual specifically address the evaluation of sources and data, analysis and the analytical process, the role of analysis and analytical techniques.

This manual offers criminal intelligence guidance to analysts from understanding relevant concepts and categories, through to specific components of the intelligence process. Specially, the manual clarifies evaluation sources of intelligence and data, focusing particularly on basic analytical techniques, including link analysis, event charting, flow analysis and telephone analysis. The manual also equips practitioners to develop inferences and present he results of their analysis.

Criminal Intelligence Manual for Managers, 2011 English

This manual offers criminal intelligence guidance to managers, from understanding relevant concepts and categories, through to specific components of the intelligence process. The manual addresses evaluation of source and data, analysis and the analytical process, types of analysis, security and the intelligence process, management of intelligence unit as well as standards and guidelines

 

 

 

Guidance on the use and preparation of serious organized crime threat assessments (The SOCTA Handbook), 2010 English

The Serious Organized Crime Threat Assessment Handbook (SOCTA handbook) was produced by UNODC in conjunction with Interpol to guide States to prepare national serious organized crime threat assessments, to empower policy makers to design tailored responses to serious crimes. The SOCTA handbook also provides practitioners with step-by-step guide to creating their ownational threat assessment, in line with international best practices. It outlines how such an assessment can aid understanding of serious and organized crime and its effects, how it can be used as a basis for developing strategies to defeat it, and how it can be an effective tool for determining the deployment of resources to be used in combating it.

Good practices in the protection of witnesses in criminal proceedings involving organized crime, 2008

Arabic - English - French - Russian - Spanish

The good practices provided in this tool offer a comprehensive picture of witness protection measures and offer practical options for adaptation and incorporation into diverse legal systems around the world, depending on their operational procedures and their particular social, political and economic contexts. The good practices were developed in a series of regional meetings comprised of expert representatives from the criminal justice sector, so as to reflect a range of experiences from different regions and legal systems. In developing these good practices, UNODC consulted with more that 60 United Nations Member States as well as international organizations such as Europol, Eurojust, the International Criminal Court, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Interpol, SECI Regional Center for Southeast Europe, Sierra Leone Special Court as well as UNAFEI and UNICRI.

Handbook on Identity-related Crime, 2011 English - Spanish

This Handbook sets out a range of options and consideration to be taken into account when addressing domestic criminal justice matters pertaining to identity related crimes, including specific challenges in the field of international cooperation and potential partnerships between public and private sectors. The Handbook is intended for use by legislators, policy-makers, prosecutors and law enforcement practitioners, as well as other non-governmental stakeholders.

Combating Transnational Organized Crime Committed at Sea - Issue Paper, 2013 English

The Issue Paper underscores the common and interlinked emerging crimes at sea, including piracy and armed robbery at sea, migrant smuggling and trafficking in persons, drug trafficking, organized crime within the fishing industry and oil bunkering; it identifies the applicable maritime laws and regulations and their potential gaps as well as the relevant good practices and challenges in international cooperation at the legal and operational level with respect to crimes at sea; it discusses the problems concerning the investigation and prosecution of crimes at sea, including questions such as where capacity-building is needed.

United Nations Counter-kidnapping Manual, 2006

The manual presents a constructive tool for policy makers, law enforcement officers and criminal justice practitioners and is aimed at providing national authorities with guidelines on how to deal with a kidnapping case in a practical and effective manner. Legislative and national policies to target kidnapping are addressed, but focus is primarily on the key responses needed for success in prevention and investigation. The manual is available upon request.

Model Laws and Treaties

UNODC develops model laws and model provisions with the view to assisting governments to translate their obligations under international treaties into national legislative provisions. The model laws aim to facilitate the review and amendment of existing legislation as well as the adoption of new legislation. The model provisions are supplemented by commentary that explains the legal basis for each provision.

The model laws are not intended to replace the meticulous process of drafting national legislation and they focus on substance over form that differs depending on the legal system of a given state. States can adjust the text offered in the model laws to their own needs and circumstances in a way that best reflects the preserves the obligations at international law in their own local contexts.

UNODC stands ready to provide further custom-tailored legislative drafting assistance to States, upon request and subject to availability of funds.

http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/legal-tools/model-treaties-and-laws.html

Model Legislative Provisions against Organized Crime, 2012 English - Chinese - Russian - Arabic - Spanish

The model legislative provisions against organized crime were developed in response to a request made by the General Assembly to the Secretary-General to promote and assist the efforts of Member States to become party to and implement the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols thereto. The model legislative provisions will facilitate the review and amendment of existing legislation and the adoption of new legislation by Member States and they are designed to be adapted to the needs of each State, whatever its legal tradition and social, economic, cultural and geographic conditions.

Model Law against Trafficking in Persons, 2010

Arabic - English - French - Russian - Spanish

The UNODC Model Law against Trafficking in Persons has been developed to assist States in implementing the provisions contained in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, supplementing that Convention. It aims to facilitate the review and amendment of existing legislation as well as the adoption of new legislation.

The Model Law covers not only the criminalization of trafficking in persons and related offences, but also the different aspects of assistance to victims as well as establishing cooperation between different state authorities and NGOs. Each provision is accompanied by a detailed commentary, providing several options for legislators, as appropriate, and legal sources and examples.

Model Law against Smuggling of Migrants, 2010

Arabic - English - French - Russian - Spanish

The Model law against Smuggling of Migrants has been developed to assist States in implementing the provisions contained in the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. It aims to facilitate the review and amendment of existing legislation as well as the adoption of new legislation. It specifically addresses criminalization of the offence of migrant smuggling, protection and assistance of smuggled migrations, coordination and cooperation, and processes of return. The Model Law aims to harmonize definitions of the crime and strengthened coordination in response to smuggling of migrants across borders, and also to provide a basis for prevention, investigation and prosecution of the crime.

Model Law on Illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, 2011 English

The UNODC Firearms Model Law aims to assist States in implementing the provisions contained in the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. Part 1 contains Model Law text on the introductory provisions and definitions States may choose to include in their domestic legislation. Part 2 contains Model Law text on all the mandatory provisions of the Firearms Protocol that States are required to ensure are included in their domestic legislation. Finally, Part 3 elaborates on non-mandatory provisions in the Firearms Protocol on brokers and brokering activities that States are required to consider for inclusion in their national legislation.

Money-Laundering and Financing of Terrorism

UNODC has developed, in collaboration with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Commonwealth Secretariat, model laws for both common law and civil law legal systems, to assist countries in setting up their anti-money-laundering/countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) legislation in full compliance with the relevant international legal instruments, and in particular the 40 + 9 FATF Recommendations, the 1988 United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and the 2000 United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.

Model Laws on International Cooperation

The model legislation on extradition and on mutual assistance in criminal matters was developed by UNODC to assist Member States in giving effect to the provisions of the model treaties approved by the General Assembly, in order to enhance effective international cooperation. The model laws take into consideration the developments occurred after the adoption of the model treaties, in particular the adoption of the 2000 United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the 2003 United Nations Convention against Corruption. The reports of past expert working groups on extradition and mutual legal assistance casework also contain guidelines, from a practitioner's perspective, that may be useful to legislative drafting in this area, as well as to national central authorities established to promote international cooperation in criminal matters.

  • Model Law on Extradition (2004) - English - French - Arabic
  • Model Law on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (2007) - English - French - Arabic
  • Model Treaty on Extradition (General Assembly resolution 45/116, as amended by General Assembly resolution 52/88) - English
  • Model Treaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (General Assembly resolution 45/117, as amended by General Assembly resolution 53/112) - English
  • Revised Manuals on the Model Treaties on Extradition and Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters - English

Extradition and Mutual Legal Assistance Casework Guidelines

  • Report of the Expert Working Group on Mutual Legal Assistance and Related International Confiscation, Vienna, 15-19 February 1993. - English
  • Report of the Informal Expert Working Group on Mutual Legal Assistance Casework Best Practice, Vienna, 3-7 December 2001 - English - Russian - Spanish
  • Report of the Informal Expert Working Group on Effective Extradition Casework Practice, Vienna, 12-16 July 2004. - English

Justice in matters involving child victims and witnesses of crime: Model Law and related commentary, 2009

UNODC in cooperation with the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the International Bureau for Children's Rights, offers a model law to assist States in adapting their national legislation to the provisions contained in the Guidelines on Justice in Matters involving Child Victims and Witnesses of Crime (resolution 2005/20 of the Economic and Social Council), which forms part of the United Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice, as well as in other relevant international instruments.

English - French - Spanish