The frequently transnational nature of drug trafficking and related organized crime make these criminal activities highly relevant to the mandates of UNODC, particularly the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC)United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), and the United Nations drug control treaties, which are mutually supportive and complementary and provide the legal foundation for action against drug-related offences. The three treaties are:

• 1961 Convention on Narcotic Drugs

• 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances

• 1988 Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances

Within the broader mandates of UNODC, the Conference of the Parties to UNTOC has specifically mandated to foster international and regional cooperation by facilitating the development of regional networks and cooperation among all such networks.

In 2010, the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ) urged Member States participating in networks for legal cooperation to strengthen international cooperation in criminal matters and the coordination among such networks and encouraged Member States to facilitate the establishment of similar regional networks Resolution 19/7.

In 2013, the Commission on Narcotic Drugs adopted Resolution 56/16 urging Member States to strengthen their cooperation among themselves and to support their national agencies and other relevant actors in working together and intensifying their international cooperation to counter the world drug problem and criminal activities related to drugs, with a specific focus on West Africa.

Most recently, in 2014, the General Assembly Resolution 69/193 requested UNODC to help to establish international networks and partnerships among Member States in the area of international cooperation in criminal matters.

Under this project, UNODC aims to synergize efforts to bridge gaps to strengthen criminal investigation and criminal justice cooperation as well as institutional integrity and accountability along the illicit trafficking routes in Latin America, the Caribbean and Africa. This will actively contribute to a regional response to address organized crime and drug trafficking, while also assisting member states towards the further development of the Global Goals of the 2030 United Nations Agenda with special focus on Goal 16 "Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels" aimed at creating peaceful, non-violent and trafficking free societies, based on respect for all human rights.  

Acknowledging global partnerships are key to addressing the shared challenges posed by transnational organized crime, this project also complies to Goal 17 "Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development" focused at the promotion of multi-stakeholder and civil society partnerships for implementing effective capacity-building and encouraging South-South cooperation.

Finally, recognizing, that gender equality and female empowerment are core development objectives, fundamental for the realization of human rights and key to effective and sustainable development outcomes, CRIMJUST seeks to actively bridge key gender gaps and promote gender balance components in the different training sessions and activities to be delivered under this project in accordance with Goal 5 "Achieve gender equality and empower women".