Research on Gender, Drugs and Crime

As a custodian agency of a series of indicators related to SDG 3 on good health and well-being, 5 on gender equality and 16 on peace, justice and strong institutions, UNODC regularly produces research outputs addressing the cross-cutting topics of gender, drugs and crime. Gender equality and the empowerment of women lie at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals and are fundamental to the work carried out by UNODC, representing a collective organizational, programmatic and policy endeavor.

The production of research outputs related to the broad areas of drugs and crime is meant to inform the development of evidence-based policies and programmes that are also gender-sensitive and improve monitoring and analysis of drug and crime patterns and threats from a gender perspective.  

Organized crime, drug use, drug trafficking, trafficking in persons, smuggling of migrants, homicide and corruption represent a few examples of policy areas where UNODC is producing gender-sensitive knowledge and tools for the international community.


The International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes is designed to systematically record the gender-bias dimension of all offences to facilitate the measurement of violence against women and girls, gender-based violence against boys and men and other gender-relevant issues. Gender has an important place within the framework of the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS). It does so by taking into account the different ways in which inequalities between women and men, gender roles and attitudes can influence criminal behaviours. For further information see ICCS Briefing Note Measuring VAW and other Gender Issues through ICCS Lenses


Related to crime: 


Although women and girls account for a far smaller share of total homicides than men, they bear by far the greatest burden of intimate partner/family-related homicide, and intimate partner homicide
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