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The world population grows every year, and so does the volume of exchanges among people. The vast majority of these exchanges are legitimate and beneficial, but a significant share is not. Transnational criminal markets crisscross the planet, conveying drugs, arms, trafficked women, toxic waste, stolen natural resources or protected animals' parts. Hundreds of billions of dollars of dirty money flow through the world every year, distorting local economies, corrupting institutions and fuelling conflict. Transnational organized crime has become a central issue in international affairs, an important factor in the global economy, and an immediate reality for people around the world. Aside from the direct effects - drug addiction, sexual exploitation, environmental damage and a host of other scourges - organized crime has the capacity to undermine the rule of law and good governance, without which there can be no sustainable development.

In order to enhance the knowledge base available for Member States to develop effective international responses to transnational organized crime threats, UNODC has produced a series of regional and thematic transnational organized crime threat assessments, as well as one global report. The reports are available below.



Transnational Organized Crime in the Pacific: A Threat Assessment - English, 2016 
The Afghan Opiate Trade and Africa - A Baseline Assessment - English, Русский, 2016
Drug Money: the illicit proceeds of opiates trafficked on the Balkan route - English - Русский, Executive summary, 2015
Afghan opiate trafficking through the southern route - Full report 2015
Impacts of drug use on users and their families in Afghanistan - Full report 2014
The Illicit Drug Trade through South-Eastern Europe - Full report 2014
Transnational Organized Crime in Eastern Africa: A Threat Assessment -  Full report 2013
Transnational Organized Crime in East Asia and the Pacific: A Threat Assessment - Full report 2013
Transnational Organized Crime in West Africa: A Threat Assessment - English, Français, Português, 2013
Misuse of Licit Trade for Opiate Trafficking in Western and Central Asia: A Threat Assessment - English, Русский, 2012
Transnational Organized Crime in Central America and the Caribbean: A Threat Assessment - Executive summary English, Español, - Full report English, Español, 2012
Opiate flows through Northern Afghanistan and Central Asia: A Threat Assessment - English, Русский, Farsi, 2012
Organized Crime and Instability in Central Africa: A Threat Assessment - English, Français, 2011
Estimating illicit financial flows resulting from drug trafficking and other transnational organized crimes, 2011
The Global Afghan Opium Trade: A Threat Assessment - English, Resumen Español, Русский 2011
Research paper: The Transatlantic Cocaine Market, 2011
The Globalization of crime - A transnational organized crime threat assessment, 2010
Crime and instability: case studies of transnational threats, 2010
Addiction, crime and insurgency - the transnational threat of Afghan opium, 2009
Transnational Trafficking and the Rule of Law in West Africa: A Threat Assessment, 2009
Drug Trafficking as a Security Threat in West Africa - English, Français, PortuguêsThe Threat of Narco-trafficking in the Americas, 2008 - English, EspañolCocaine Trafficking in West Africa: The threat to stability and development
(with special reference to Guinea-Bissau) 2007 - English, FrançaisOrganized Crime and Irregular Migration from Africa to Europe, 2006 - English, Français 

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