In order to enhance knowledge and strengthen capacities of practitioners, UNODC has developed a broad range of legal and technical publications and tools dedicated to various areas of international cooperation.

Manuals, Handbooks and Training Materials
   
 

Manual on Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition (2012)

Arabic - Chinese - English - French - Russian - Spanish

This manual is offered in response to Conference of Parties resolution 5/8 entitled "Implementation of the provisions on international cooperation of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime". In that resolution, UNODC was directed to develop a practical guide to facilitate the drafting, transmission and execution of requests for extradition and mutual legal assistance. The manual is intended for by central and other competent national authorities, policy makers and criminal justice practitioners including lawyers, investigators, judges and magistrates who are involved international legal assistance.

   
 

Manual on International Cooperation for the Purposes of Confiscation of Proceeds of Crime (2012)

English - French - Spanish

The focus of the Manual is national efforts aimed at successfully preventing criminals from profiting from crime. Its primary purpose is to facilitate asset recovery in accordance with the provisions of the Organized Crime Convention. It is to be used in close conjunction with the companion Manual on Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition.

   
 

Handbook on the International Transfer of Sentenced Persons (2012)

English

The nature of transnational organized crime means that it is increasingly common for criminals involved to be convicted and sentenced in foreign countries. This Handbook is designed to explain how transferring sentenced persons to serve their sentences in their home country can contribute to dealing with them fairly and effectively, and the cooperative process to facilitate their transfer.

   
 

Manual on International Cooperation in Criminal Matters related to Terrorism (2009)

Arabic - Chinese - English - French - Russian - Spanish

The objective of the Manual is to enable legal practitioners specialized in the fight against terrorism to act more effectively and more rapidly. As such, the manual provides practitioners with immediate answers concerning the tools they can use and the relevant types of international cooperation, such as extradition and mutual legal assistance, as well as give them practical advice concerning the difficulties and obstacles they may encounter. It is also intended for use as a educational tool in the training of legal practitioners in the fight against terrorism.

   
 

Counter-Terrorism Legal Training Curriculum: Module 3: International Cooperation in Criminal Matters

Arabic - Chinese - English - French - Russian - Spanish

The Curriculum is a platform for transferring the knowledge and expertise needed to strengthen the capacity of national criminal justice officials to implement the universal legal framework against terrorism. Module 3 of the Curriculum focuses on the international cooperation in criminal matters, in particular mutual legal assistance and extradition in terrorist cases.

   
 

Digest of Organized Crime Cases (2012)

English - French - Spanish - Italian

On the occasion of the Tenth Anniversary of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, UNODC, the Italian and the Colombian Governments and INTERPOL decided to launch an initiative aimed at facilitating and assisting States in the implementation of the Convention by providing them with a compilation of illustrative cases of organized crime, and related "good practices" in investigative and prosecutorial techniques, as well as in international cooperation in criminal matters. The Digest is developed by the Implementation Support Section of the Organized Crime and Illicit Trafficking Branch of the Division for Treaty Affairs in cooperation with relevant units of UNODC, and in close cooperation with INTERPOL and from the sponsoring countries Italy and Colombia.

   
 

In-Depth Training Manual on Investigating and Prosecuting the Smuggling of Migrants (2011)

(Module 7. International Cooperation in Criminal Matters)

English - French [Website]

The Manual is the product of criminal justice expertise gathered from around the world. The diversity of those involved in the process of elaborating the manual reflects its target audience of criminal justice practitioners including investigators, examining judges, investigating judges, prosecutors, magistrates, law enforcement officers, border agents, and all other professionals who are involved in the criminal justice system.

The purpose Module 7 is to discuss some of the general considerations that may apply to international cooperation in the investigation and prosecution of migrant smuggling. In light of the general approach taken by this module, it is important for criminal justice practitioners to understand the specific provisions of other relevant treaties and domestic legislation that may also be relevant to individual cases.

   
 

Basic Training Manual on Investigating and Prosecuting the Smuggling of Migrants (2010)

(Module 8. International Cooperation)

Arabic - English - French - Russian - Spanish [Website]

Conceptualized as a 'practical guide for law enforcement and prosecution on migrant smuggling', the overall goal of the Manual is to build the capacity of criminal justice practitioners to dismantle the criminal networks involved in migrant smuggling, secure the conviction of the criminals involved, raise awareness among criminal justice practitioners on the criminal nature of migrant smuggling, and improve cooperation between origin, transit, and destination countries. The Training Modules are designed to be used in the context of delivering technical assistance through training law enforcers and prosecutors on effective investigation and prosecution of migrant smuggling cases. The Modules are written in such a way that they can be readily adapted to the needs of different regions and countries, and can serve as the basis for upgrading or supplementing training programs of national training institutes.

   
 

Anti-Human Trafficking Manual for Criminal Justice Practitioners (2008)

( Module 6. International Cooperation in Trafficking in Persons Cases)

Arabic - Chinese - English - French - Russian - Spanish - Portuguese [Website]

In line with the Trafficking in Persons Protocol supplementing the United Nations Transnational Organised Crime Convention, the purpose of the Manual is to further facilitate the prevention of human trafficking, protection of its victims, prosecution of its culprits and develop international cooperation to achieve these targets. The manual addresses each phase of the criminal justice response to trafficking in persons, from identification of victims through investigations and prosecutions of trafficking, to the protection of victims. The manual consists of 14 modules that stand alone to meet the specific needs of criminal justice practitioners, and serve as a practical guide towards a more effective criminal justice response to trafficking in persons.

   
 

Implementation of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime: Needs Assessment Tools (2016)

Arabic - Chinese - English - French - Russian - Spanish

The purpose of the Tools is to provide guidance in assessing what should be done by States parties in order to ensure that the full potential of the Organized Crime Convention can be realized. The tools are to be used in the delivery of technical assistance, in particular in assessing the needs of States parties for technical assistance, with a focus on implementing legislation. At the domestic level, the tools can also enable experts, in particular policymakers and legislators, to assess the implementation of the Convention.

   
 

Handbook on Identity-related Crime (2011)

English - Spanish

The main objective of the Handbook is to set out a range of options and considerations to be taken into account when addressing domestic criminal justice matters pertaining to identity-related crimes, including specific challenges in the field of international cooperation and potential partnerships between public and private sectors. The Handbook is intended for use by legislators, policy-makers, prosecutors and law enforcement practitioners, as well as other non-governmental stakeholders. The Handbook contains a comprehensive Practical Guide to International Cooperation to Combat Identity-related Crime.

     
   
 

Mutual Legal Assistance Request Writer Tool (MLA Tool)

[Website] [under construction]

The Mutual Legal Assistance Request Writer Tool (MLA Tool) was developed by UNODC to assist criminal justice practitioners in drafting expeditiously MLA requests, thereby enhancing cooperation between States and accelerating responses to such requests.

In its revised and expanded version, the Tool is an HTML-based stand-alone application, capable of running on all devices. It provides guidance to practitioners through each step of the drafting process and further helps them draft MLA requests by filling in all appropriate and relevant information.

The MLA Tool will be linked to the UNODC Directories of Competent National Authorities (CNA Directories) to enable retrieving CNA contact information for use in the preparation of MLA requests. The Tool will also be linked to SHERLOC in order to assist practitioners in getting easy access to a variety of constantly updated information such as national guides, legal provisions relating to international cooperation in criminal matters and other supplementary resources such as manuals, checklists of legal requirements and external links with custom templates and formats of other countries.

The MLA Tool is currently available in English, but can be translated into other languages (UN official or other) subject to availability of resources.

Similarly to its early version, the MLA Tool will be made available free of charge and will also be downloaded from the UNODC website upon request (see the link above).

   
   

ASEAN Handbook on International Legal Cooperation in Trafficking in Persons Cases (2010)

English

The MLA Tool was developed by UNODC to assist States to draft requests for international cooperation. The MLA Tool requires virtually no prior knowledge or experience with drafting requests for mutual legal assistance, by simply guiding users step-by-step through the process with a series of templates. The drafter is prompted to enter essential information so as to avoid incomplete requests that can cause delay or refusal. Once the user has entered all information, the tool consolidates all data entered and automatically generates a correct, complete and effective request for final editing, signature and submission. The MLA Tool is currently available in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Portuguese, Bosnian, Croatian Montenegrin and Serbian.

     
Model Laws and Treaties on International Cooperation
   

 

Model Law on Extradition (2004)

Arabic - English - French

The model legislation on extradition was developed by UNODC to assist Member States in giving effect to the provisions of the model treaties approved by the General Assembly, in order to enhance effective international cooperation. The model law takes into consideration the developments occurred after the adoption of the model treaties, in particular the adoption of the 2000 United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the 2003 United Nations Convention against Corruption.

 

   
 

Model Law on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (2007)

Arabic - English - French

The model legislation on mutual assistance was developed by UNODC to assist Member States in giving effect to the provisions of the model treaties approved by the General Assembly, in order to enhance effective international cooperation. The model law takes into consideration the developments occurred after the adoption of the model treaties, in particular the adoption of the 2000 United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the 2003 United Nations Convention against Corruption.

 

   

 

Model Treaty on Extradition (General Assembly resolution 45/116, as amended by General Assembly resolution 52/88)

English ( consolidated version )

The model treaty on extradition was developed by UNODC to assist Member States in giving effect to the provisions of the model treaties approved by the General Assembly, in order to enhance effective international cooperation. The model law takes into consideration the developments occurred after the adoption of the model treaties, in particular the adoption of the 2000 United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the 2003 United Nations Convention against Corruption.

   
 

Model Treaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (General Assembly Resolution 45/117, as amended by General Assembly resolution 53/112)

English ( consolidated version )

The model treaty on mutual assistance in criminal matters was developed by UNODC to assist Member States in giving effect to the provisions of the model treaties approved by the General Assembly, in order to enhance effective international cooperation. The model law takes into consideration the developments occurred after the adoption of the model treaties, in particular the adoption of the 2000 United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the 2003 United Nations Convention against Corruption.

   
 

Revised Manuals on the Model Treaties on Extradition and Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters

English

The revised manuals on the model treaties on extradition and mutual assistance in criminal matters were developed by UNODC to assist Member States in giving effect to the provisions of the model treaties approved by the General Assembly, in order to enhance effective international cooperation. The model law takes into consideration the developments occurred after the adoption of the model treaties, in particular the adoption of the 2000 United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the 2003 United Nations Convention against Corruption.

   
   

Model Treaty on the Transfer of Proceedings in Criminal Matters (General Assembly resolution 45/118)

Arabic - Chinese - English - French - Russian - Spanish

The model legislative provisions against organized crime were developed in response to a request made by the General Assembly to the Secretary-General to promote and assist the efforts of Member States to become party to and implement the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols thereto. The model legislative provisions will facilitate the review and amendment of existing legislation and the adoption of new legislation by Member States and they are designed to be adapted to the needs of each State, whatever its legal tradition and social, economic, cultural and geographic conditions.

     
     
   

Model Bilateral Agreement on the Sharing of Confiscated Proceeds of Crime or Property covered by the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988 (ECOSOC Resolution 2005/14)

English

International cooperation could be expanded further to include agreements  or arrangements on the sharing of confiscated proceeds of crime or property, taking into particular consideration article 14 of the Organized Crime Convention, but also article 5, paragraph 5, of the 1988 Convention. In that context, an intergovernmental expert group, convened pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 2004/24, met in Vienna from 26 to 28 January 2005 and prepared a draft bilateral agreement model on disposal of confiscated proceeds of crime covered by the above-mentioned conventions, for use by Member States as a framework for the conclusion of pertinent bilateral agreements. The Model Bilateral Agreement on the Sharing of Confiscated Proceeds of Crime or Property was adopted by the Economic and Social Council in 2005.

   
 

Model Legislative Provisions against Organized Crime (2012)

Arabic - Chinese - English - French - Russian - Spanish

The model legislative provisions against organized crime were developed in response to a request made by the General Assembly to the Secretary-General to promote and assist the efforts of Member States to become party to and implement the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols thereto. The model legislative provisions will facilitate the review and amendment of existing legislation and the adoption of new legislation by Member States and they are designed to be adapted to the needs of each State, whatever its legal tradition and social, economic, cultural and geographic conditions.

   
 

Model Law Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (2011)

(in particular Part Two, Section C on International Cooperation)

Arabic - Chinese - English - French - Russian - Spanish

The Model Law was developed by UNODC in response to the request of the General Assembly to the Secretary-General to assist State Parties in strengthen their domestic legal framework in a manner consistent with the international legal regime on firearms. The Model Law represents a concrete help for policy and lawmakers to translate the treaty language of the Firearms Protocol into domestic legal provisions and help them in strengthening their legislative regimes on firearms in a manner consistent with the Firearms Protocol.

 
Reports
   
 

State of Implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption: Criminalization, Law Enforcement and International Cooperation

Arabic - Chinese - English - French - Russian - Spanish [Website]

The establishment and operation of the Mechanism for the Review of Implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption have allowed for the collection, systematization and dissemination of an unprecedented wealth of information that is useful for furthering the goals of the Convention. The State of Implementation study is based on that information and contains a comprehensive analysis of the implementation of chapters III (Criminalization and law enforcement) and IV (International cooperation) of the Convention by the 68 States parties reviewed at the time of drafting as part of the first cycle of the Implementation Review Mechanism (2010-2015).

   
 

Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (The World Bank + UNODC)

[Website]

The StAR Initiative is a UNODC/World Bank partnership aimed to prevent the laundering of the proceeds of corruption and facilitate more systematic and timely return of stolen assets. Among other work, the StAR has developed a broad range of publications and reports on various aspects asset recovery in corruption cases.