GPML offers specialised services and tools to help Member States take action against crime by removing the profits from illegal activities and providing financial and legal disincentives for committing them. Workshops and tools assist Member States to prevent and combat terrorism financing and money laundering.
GPML is currently offering two types of online tools; e-learning courses are developed to benefit a broad range of users, and the Professional Development System aims to improve the capacities of Member States.
GPML has developed model laws to assist Member States to set up their AML/CFT legislation in full compliance with international legal instruments, UN Conventions, and FATF Recommendations.
UNODC developed a range of high-quality computer-based training projects to facilitate the delivery of training across a wide spectrum of topics to a broad range of users around the globe. The course provides 13 modules that have been produced specifically on the topic of AML to educate and train law enforcement and other key officials involved in combating money laundering. It is available in English, Thai, and Bahasa and is open for registration to all Member States, law enforcement agencies, FIUs and any official institutions dealing with money laundering and terrorist financing. The aim of these modules is to provide an overview of AML issues and a basic understanding of the methods and practical measures required to address them.
The aim of this project is to raise the standard of financial investigation internationally by introducing a structured approach to the training of financial investigators. From initial training, investigators will follow a mentorship programme. This will if satisfactorily completed lead to full accreditation, followed by Continuing Professional Development. The introduction of this system will enhance the capability of Member States to conduct parallel financial investigations in AML/CF.
The international community has recognized the links between illicit financial flows and terrorism. Consequently, there has been a growing need to consider the crosscutting aspects of money laundering on matters relating to Countering the Financing of Terrorism (CFT).
The Programme includes six progressively advanced courses. These courses are adapted according to local needs and reflect current threats and local operating procedures.
The courses are:
Participants are trained using localised scenarios covering strategic risks to national security including terrorism and associated threats from transnational organized crime and corruption. The training can be delivered with a train-the-trainer element so that participants can deliver and share newly acquired knowledge and skills in their organizations. The intended audiences are members from law enforcement agencies, FIUs, intelligence agencies and AML/CFT policy bodies.
The courses allow participants to:
Since the adoption of resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1988 (2011), the United Nations Security Council has developed a complex regime of sanctions against individuals and entities associated with terrorist groups.
These UNSC sanctions require Member States to freeze the assets of, and apply a travel ban to, listed individuals and entities. UN entities have jointly developed a three-day UNSC Sanctions training course aimed to enhance practitioner knowledge of this regime and their capacity to implement it effectively. In so doing, the course allows participants to acquire in-depth knowledge of the listing and delisting processes. The 4-day training is delivered to Law Enforcement Agencies, Intelligence Agencies, FIUs, prosecuting authorities and Foreign Ministries. This training course has been integrated into the wider CFT and Financial Disruption packages offered by GPML.
The Financial Disruption Training Package provides technical assistance to Member States to significantly reduce illicit financial flows by delivering cost-effective disruptions against the business model of criminal and terrorist organizations.
The five-day training workshop is delivered to Law Enforcement Agencies, Counter-Terrorism Units, FIUs and AML/CFT decision-makers to equip these professionals with financial disruption tools at national, regional and international levels. The training is tailored to the needs of each country by targeting specific types of crime and associated illicit financial flows.
The training materials include:
GPML has developed a unique Cryptocurrency Investigation course. GPML delivers this training as an awareness-raising course or as an in-depth course. It can also be delivered as a component of wider training programmes for law enforcement officers or financial analysts. The overall objective of this course is to enhance Member State ability to efficiently investigate and prosecute criminal cases involving cryptocurrencies.
GPML's three-day Cryptocurrency Investigation Training grows the capacity of participants to:
1. conduct cryptocurrency tracing as part of a financial investigation and ensure their effective confiscation
2. understand where and how to ask for more information and how to collaborate internationally on casework
3. understand the global landscape of cryptocurrency services and how it can be influenced by existing regulations
4. learn how cryptocurrency-related compliance and due diligence can be conducted
5. analyze transactions, infer and identify criminality and geo-locate criminals exploiting cryptocurrency (in-depth training course).
A 2-day open source intelligence training course to build comprehensive skills on investigating DARKNET illicit markets can be added to the standard course.
The counter-cash courier training course provides an opportunity for national practitioners engaged in border control to develop their knowledge and skills for monitoring and identifying cross-border transportation of cash and bearer negotiable instruments.
The training assists Member States to implement FATF Recommendation 32 on cash couriers. GPML is also available to assist national border control agencies in the development of an Operations Manual for border control officers. This Manual serves as a guide on all elements of monitoring and interdiction of cash and bearer negotiable instruments at the border.
The GPML Financial Investigation course provides in-depth training for national financial investigators and prosecutors in current methods and practices used to develop and conduct financial investigations. It has a practical focus and is customized to reflect legal and procedural processes in the country of training. This course also raises awareness of the methods used in money laundering and the financing of terrorism. Participants are taught about the legislative aspects of financial crime and their respective mandates, powers and authorities to investigate financial crimes. They learn to plan and conduct an AML/CFT investigation based on current best practice and methodologies. Coursework focuses on the importance of national coordination, as well as regional and international cooperation when investigating money laundering and financing of terrorism cases.
The five-day course also addresses the relationship between financial investigators and prosecutors to ensure that financial investigators are able to gather and develop high-quality information for presenting money laundering and terrorist financing charges to the courts.
The FIU analyst course provides training to FIU analysts in current methods and practices used to develop and analyze financial intelligence. The Course focuses on the identification and analysis of suspicious transactions relating to money laundering and terrorism financing. The participants develop their analytical techniques and learn the methodology behind writing effective and accurate intelligence reports. They learn how information is collected, from what sources, and what tools are used to develop information into financial intelligence.
The course also addresses the relationship between the FIU and the national agencies responsible for investigating money laundering and the financing of terrorism with the goal of ensuring that the FIU is able to provide high-quality and usable information to these agencies.
This train-the-trainer programme strengthens the AML/CFT training capacities within key national law enforcement and prosecutor training institutions. The overall objective is to provide key national law enforcement and prosecutor training institutions with the skills to independently deliver current, high-quality, ongoing AML/CFT related training to law enforcement officials and prosecutors. The Programme aims to:
GPML delivers this Programme through a series of four technical workshops tailored to country-specific requirements.
OSINT Fundamentals – The course provides financial intelligence professionals with a rigorous introduction to the skills needed to be an effective OSINT practitioner. Participants are shown how to exploit OSINT in an efficient, timely, reflective and safe manner. They gain a comprehensive understanding of the information available to them online, while also learning how to increase their productivity. Participants are shown how to identify and manage their information needs; how to effectively search and monitor the internet; how to maintain their privacy and security online and how to use social media intelligence (SOCMINT), to expand the scope of their research and investigations.
Advanced OSINT Course – This three-day course builds on the content of the fundamentals of Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) training. It gives participants an opportunity to refresh and practice the OSINT skills they have already acquired. It also provides them with additional research competencies, specifically on how to investigate organisations, individuals, and websites. Guidance will also be given on how to gather geospatial information using open source maps and satellite imagery and how to work with the Deep Web and Dark Web. The course not only teaches participants how they can use specific tools and techniques but also provides them with a sustainable set of skills. This includes the ability to discover and index web resources that are specific to their country or region. In addition, special attention will be given to the legal, ethical, and privacy-related issues relevant to online investigations.
GPML has developed model laws for both common and civil law legal systems, to assist countries to set up their AML/CFT legislation in full compliance with international legal instruments, UN Conventions, and FATF Recommendations.
GPML’s model laws assist Member States to satisfy their international AML/CFT obligations under various international legal instruments by providing model laws that can be used as a basis for implementing domestic legislation. GPML has developed model laws for both civil and common law legal systems. The first was developed in collaboration with the IMF, while the latter was developed in collaboration with the Commonwealth Secretariat and the IMF.
GPML supports the creation of Asset Recovery and Inter-Agency Networks in several regions. GPML has worked to actively support the development of the Asset Recovery Inter-Agency Network of the Caribbean (ARIN-CARIB), West and Central Asia (ARIN- WCA), Southern Africa (ARINSA), Asia Pacific (ARIN-AP) and in West Africa (ARINWA). It further cooperates with Europol to support the EU’s Camden Asset Recovery Inter-Agency Network (CARIN) and assists the FATF Asset Recovery Network of GAFILAT (RRAG) in Latin America. GPML has examined the potential for CARIN/ARINSA-type models elsewhere and is prepared to conduct feasibility studies and take steps to help interested Member States establish new regional networks.
GPML’s Mentor Programme is a long-term capacity-building and training programme designed to assist a Member State to establish, improve, and implement their AML/CFT regimes. Mentors serve as a key part of GPML’s strategy to enhance national capacity, coordination and further the overall effective implementation of national AML/CFT regimes in Member States. Due to the operational experience held by each mentor, they are ideally positioned to give expert advice, as well as provide the hands-on guidance that national practitioners need to both grow their craft and effectively implement their country’s AML/CFT regimes to meet international standards.
Mentors are based in the Member States and provide on-site technical assistance by delivering tailored outreach programmes and training to help participating Member States make the best use of their AML/CFT capabilities and to comply with international standards set out in relevant United Nations Conventions, United Nations General Assembly and Security Council Resolutions and the FATF Recommendations. With a GPML mentor, national AML/CFT experts and practitioners learn through experience and are guided on how to bring newly acquired knowledge and skills into their organizations.
This unique arrangement offers beneficiary Member States a continuous upgrade of skills through workplace training during the term of the mentorship. GPML mentors work closely with the legal bodies, law enforcement, regulatory agencies and FIUs of the countries within their areas of responsibility. Mentors serve as role models for officials from Member States and also assist practitioners and managers to adapt both technical and general work-practice principles to their own specific local and national circumstances. In addition, GPML mentors promote integration of learning from other formal trainings by UNODC and other training partners.
The Prosecutor Placement Programme is a sustainable capacity-building programme designed to give newly appointed confiscation prosecutors a practical understanding of asset confiscation methodologies and practices. The Programme places prosecutors and practitioners in the office of an experienced and capable confiscation legal team for approximately two months.
By the completion of the Programme, participants will: