The routes, modalities and networks employed by criminal actors however continue to evolve, diversify and become more efficient. Moreover, the current relative concentration of consumers presents a clear potential for expansion, and new markets threaten to emerge. The increasingly globalized, interconnected, digitalized and technologically sophisticated nature of society, as well as a growing affluent demographic in some regions where cocaine use has traditionally been low, can potentially catalyse and accelerate this expansion.
The UNODC cocaine research programme recognizes these realities and aims to read the trends with a view to painting a picture of potential future developments, identifying emerging threats and ultimately enabling a pre-emptive response implemented with foresight.
UNODC regularly produces updates on developments in cocaine markets in the World Drug Report.
Second Expert Meeting of Strategic Analysts on Cocaine Trafficking and Markets, 11-12 November 2021
Second UNODC Technical Meeting on “coca/cocaine production sites”, 28 October 2021
First UNODC Technical Meeting on "coca/cocaine production sites", 17 June 2021
The Changing Face of the Global Cocaine Market: Reading the Trends to Respond with Foresight – side event at the 64th session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, 14 April 2021
Shared Responsibility in Addressing the Cocaine Threat along the Supply Chain – side event at the 63rd session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, 4 March 2020