Kazakhstan and Turkey are now party to all 19 international legal instruments against terrorism


The international community has developed 19 legal instruments against terrorism* that provide overarching legal guidance to counter-terrorism efforts around the world. For this framework to function effectively, universal adherence to all its components is necessary. By becoming party to the 19 international legal instruments against terrorism, Member States create pathways for the criminalization of terrorist offences at the national level and partake in the international cooperation mechanisms to ensure that terrorists and their accomplices are brought to justice.

In 2019, Kazakhstan and Turkey became the third and fourth countries in the world to ratify, accede or otherwise become party to all 19 international legal instruments against terrorism. In doing so, they have joined the Dominican Republic, which, in 2016, was the first country to attain universal adherence, and Côte d'Ivoire, which finalised this process in 2017. 

UNODC commends the governments of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Republic of Turkey for this effort that showcases their commitment to strengthening the international legal regime against terrorism. 

At the request of Member States, UNODC provides assistance on becoming party to the 19 instruments and incorporating the provisions of the international counter-terrorism legal framework into national legislation. Overall, 40 instruments of ratification, accession, approval, acceptance or signature were deposited by the UN Member States regarding the 19 international legal instruments against terrorism in 2019. This brings the total adherence rate of these instruments to 66,8%. To track the status of adherence to the instruments, as well as showcase the regional counter-terrorism frameworks, UNODC maintains a counter-terrorism treaties database hosted on the online UNODC SHERLOC Portal.

 

*The 19 international legal instruments against terrorism are:

    

1963 Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft

 

1970 Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft

1971 Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation

 

1973 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents

 

1979 International Convention against the Taking of Hostages

 

1980 Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material

 

1988 Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation

 

1988 Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation

 

1988 Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf

 

1991 Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection

1997 International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings

1999 International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism

2005 International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism

 

2005 Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material

 

2005 Protocol to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation

 

2005 Protocol to the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf

 

2010 Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation

 

2010 Protocol Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft

 

2014 Protocol to the Convention on Offences and Certain other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft