UNODC Global Illicit Crop Monitoring Programme (ICMP) was established following the 1998 Special Session of the UN General Assembly on Drugs, when Member States agreed to eliminate or significantly reduce the supply of illicit narcotic crops by the year 2008. Subsequently, the Commission on Narcotic Drugs requested UNODC in its resolution 42/3, Monitoring and verification of illicit cultivation, to provide Member States with the necessary assistance to compile reliable and internationally comparable data.
Currently the ICMP supports coca surveys in Bolivia, Colombia and Peru; opium poppy surveys in Afghanistan, Mexico and Myanmar; and a cannabis survey in Nigeria. These surveys are implemented jointly with the concerned Governments and collect information on the area under illicit crop cultivation, cocaine and heroin production, prices, and estimates of the value of the illicit drug market.
The surveys are implemented by the ICMP project teams on the ground in close collaboration with the ICMP team at UNODC HQ, which supports methodology development, provides quality assurance and validates the final estimates.