On 1-2 December 2021, UNODC GFP has organized a training on detection of firearms in postal parcels for experts from three postal operators in Bosnia and Herzegovina (JP BH Posta, Hrvatska posta Mostar and Poste Srpske a.d. Banja Luka).
The training has resulted in developing skills and increasing the knowledge for detecting firearms by focusing on the following topics. First, the participants have received information to help them understanding the threat for trafficking through postal parcels and the methods for delivery. They have been trained on the relevant customs controls, on identification of firearms, their parts, components and ammunition, the threat from 3D printed parts. The received training on basic recognition of firearms in X-ray images and the limitations of this detection method.
The participants have also learned about implementing the risk-based approach for detection of firearms in postal parcels. They were trained in identifying sources of information, formulating risk indicators and have conducted exercises using commercial, behavioural and document indicators. Special attention was also devoted on inspection and detection, including the external examination of the package and relevant physical risk indicators.
The training has included sessions on evidence handling and crime scene management where the concept of evidence as part of the criminal procedure was introduced and the approach that the whole parcel should be treated as a crime scene and evidence was elaborated. The additional topics covered in this component included securing the crime scene, principles of forensics, good practices in evidence handling and additional potential sources of evidence. Finally, the post-detection activities were analysed, including cooperation with law enforcement and Customs, and exchange of information to maintain updated risk profiles and risk indicators.This activity is implemented with the financial support provided by Germany, the United Kingdom, Sweden, France, the Netherlands, and Norway through the Western Balkans SALW Control Roadmap Trust Fund and supported by the European Union.