Section 8: Understanding the manipulation of sports competition

This section aims to provide an overview of key issues in relation to the development of this multifaceted and increasingly widespread problem. It also looks to identify existing frameworks, initiatives and trends relating to the criminalization, prevention, detection and investigation of competition manipulation, accompanied by case studies where available. It concludes by setting out a conclusion and policy considerations for Governments, sports organizations and other relevant stakeholders to help address the threat posed by competition manipulation to the integrity of sport.