Air and maritime terrorism pose a serious threat to international peace and security. Owing to their perceived vulnerability, terrorist groups have targeted planes, sea vessels and other means of transport. They have also weaponized means of transport to commit acts of terror, perhaps most notably in the September 11th attacks in the United States.
Effective legal frameworks, criminal justice strategies, operational and technical capacities are essential to enable Member States to prevent and respond to terrorist acts against air and maritime transportation. Out of the 19 international anti-terrorism legal instruments, 12 are related to preventing terrorism against international civil aviation and maritime navigation. UNODC supports Member States by providing legislative and capacity-building assistance.
There are eight civil aviation transport-related international counterterrorism instruments:
There are four maritime-related international counterterrorism instruments:
In coordination with the International Civil Aviation Organization and the International Maritime Organization, UNODC developed a legal training curriculum module on Transport-related (civil aviation and maritime) Terrorism Offences. This module is aimed at supporting counter-terrorism practitioners and other interested parties by setting out the requirements of international counter-terrorism instruments related to air and maritime transportation, allowing participants to extend and develop their knowledge in this area.