Nairobi is Kenya’s largest city with a population of nearly 4 million people. The Assessment focuses on Mathare, a network of informal settlements in Nairobi covering 3 sq km with a population of approximately 200,000 people. One of the most densely populated areas of Nairobi, Mathare is characterized by limited public services, such as water, sanitation, health and education.
Violent crime, substance abuse, gender-based violence, and corruption were identified as significant concerns in Mathare. UNODC’s Urban Safety Governance Assessment is currently underway and results of the Assessment are expected in the third quarter of 2020.
UN Comprehensive Response to COVID-19 - Launched by the UN Secretary-General, the Policy Brief calls
for conscious policy choices in order to save lives, protect societies, recover better... read
more & watch
COVID-19 Response & Complex Emergencies - UNODC co-convened the thematic session: 'Bolstering local action to control the pandemic and accelerate implementation' ahead of the High Level Political Forum 2020... read more
Urban Safety Governance Assessments in Chilanzar - UNODC’s Urban Safety Governance Assessment is currently underway and results of the Assessment are expected in the third quarter of 2020... read more
- 60 to 70 percent of the Nairobi population is currently estimated to be living in informal settlements that occupy only 5 percent of the residential land area of the city.
- Over 95 percent of the households cook in the same room they use for sleeping.
- Over 90 percent of the households do not have any organized mechanism for garbage disposal, while fewer than 5 percent have their own toilets.
- Over 90 percent of households depend on poor-quality water distributed by vendors or kiosks for which they pay three or more times the tariff charged by the Nairobi City Council to pipe water to middle or upper income households.
What we know:
- Nairobi is facing rapid urbanisation and its associated health and poverty problems.
- The divide between rich and poor is growing wider.
- In informal settlements in Nairobi, most households live in one-room houses that serve multiple purposes, including sleeping, sitting, and cooking and eating.
- Residents who now live in slums have no or limited access to even the most to water, sanitation, housing, education and healthcare services.
- The poorest urban-dwellers spend up to ¾ of their income on staple foods alone.