One of the most effective ways of improving behaviour is through warmth and well-measured praise. This can be as simple as smiling or giving a thumbs-up sign to show approval.
Dr. Catherine Guéguen, (2018) « Heureux d’apprendre à l’école, comment les neurosciences affectives et sociales peuvent changer l’éducation, Les Arènes, Robert Laffont, 2018, ISBN235204720X
quote : « Féliciter l’enfant pour ses efforts, ses actes et non pour ses qualités ».
Eddie Brummelman, Sander Thomaes. (2017) “How Children Construct Views of Themselves: A Social-Developmental Perspective.” Child Development, 2017; DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12961
Elizabeth A. Gunderson, Sarah J. Gripshover, Carissa Romero, Carol S. Dweck, Susan Goldin-Meadow, Susan C. Levine. (2013) “Parent Praise to 1- to 3-Year-Olds Predicts Children's Motivational Frameworks 5 Years Later.” Child Development, 2013; DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12064
Families United combined document by UNODC
Matsudaira I, Yokota S, Hashimoto T, Takeuchi H, Asano K, Asano M, et al. (2016) “Parental Praise Correlates with Posterior Insular Cortex Gray Matter Volume in Children and Adolescents. “ PLoS ONE 11(4): e0154220. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154220
The British Psychological Society. "Spare the praise -- spoil the child." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 6 May 2017. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/05/170506185832.htm>.
Parentingscience.com, the evidence based online resource for parents set up by Gwen Dewar, Phd Anthropology, University of Michigan
RaisingChildren.net, the Australian parenting website supported by the Australian government, department of Social Services https://raisingchildren.net.au/toddlers/connecting-communicating/connecting/praise
Made possible with the generous support of France.