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The global trade in illicit Afghan opiates has become one of the world's greatest transnational drug and crime threats, with severe consequences for health, governance and security at national, regional and international levels. Illicit Afghan opiates are trafficked to almost every continent in the world, with the exception of South America, and are trafficked along three broad routes: the Balkan route, the northern route and the southern route. Given the severity of the problem, UNODC and the international community have identified the analysis and monitoring of Afghan opiates as a priority. A dedicated project was established in 2008 to help monitor and achieve a better understanding of the global impact of Afghan opiates.

The Afghan Opiate Trade Project (AOTP)

The Afghan Opiate Trade Project aims to address the need for systematic, comprehensive and consolidated analytical information about trends in the global illicit Afghan opiate trade in order to support the international response to that issue. In addition to this, the project also aims to enhance the drug research capacity of those countries most affected by Afghan opiates, and increase the awareness of the data and information needs to support research on the opiate trade. The AOTP has produced a number of research reports relating to aspects of the illicit trade in Afghan opiates, and has also supported a number of countries in producing their own reports


Capacity Building Reports


Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Ministry of Counter Narcotics (MCN),


Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Pakistan Customs, Federal Board of Revenue, Ministry of Finance (MoF)


Republic of Tajikistan, Drug Control Agency (DCA)

Central Asian Regional Information and Co-ordination Centre (CARICC)