SDG 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development


SDG 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss  


Target 14.6:  By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation


  Target 15.7: Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products



On SDG 14, the Office engages in action against fisheries crime through its Global Maritime Crime Programme. Initial steps have been taken towards the creation of a sub-group on illegal fishing within the UNODC established Indian Ocean Forum on Maritime Crime (IOFMC). The group facilitates coordination and cooperation among coastal state actors in tackling fisheries crime, thus contributing to Target 14.6. 

Wildlife and forest crime has become a low-risk, high profit transnational organized crime, which is overwhelming countries and communities, and affecting biodiversity and development.Through its Global Programme for Combating Wildlife and Forest Crime, UNODC is leading work on strengthening national legislative frameworks, law enforcement, prosecutorial and judicial capacity, fostering international cooperation, developing innovative solutions in forensics and conducting research through its global wildlife crime research. Through this global research work, UNODC supports the monitoring of SDG 15, in particular Target 15.7.

UNODC also works to counter illegal logging and timber trafficking crime by strengthening national law enforcement, prosecutorial and judicial capacity, enhancing anti-corruption measures, strengthening legislation and international cooperation, and supporting timber identification methods, among other tools. All these impact-based actions contribute to the prevention of forest degradation.

Further, the Alternative Development programmes contribute to preservation and sustainable use of natural resources through land stabilization projects and by helping to build resilience in communities affected by climate change.

UNODC is also part of the International Consortium on Combatting Wildlife Crime (ICCWC), consisting of five global entities working together to deliver multi-agency support to countries affected by the illegal trade in animals and plants.