SDG 1: End poverty in all of its forms everywhere



Target 1.4: By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance


Target 1.5: By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters



Research confirms that poverty is one of the drivers of illicit crop cultivation. Factors such as poverty, marginalization-- social, economic and geographical, and lack of sustainable livelihoods are manifestations of poor levels of development which, alongside issues of governance, constitute root causes of large scale illicit cultivation in rural areas. The income obtained from illicit crop cultivation is used for buying food, paying debt and paying household property expenses.

UNODC, through its alternative development and sustainable livelihoods programmes provides economically viable, legal alternatives to men and women living in poor rural communities involved in cultivating coca bush, opium poppy or cannabis.

Alternative development programmes strongly focus on implementing viable agro-forestry schemes, integrating them in a productive chain which leads to successful commercialization in quality markets, thus improving the opportunities for revenue generation of farmers. By enabling marginalised communities to reduce illicit crop cultivation and begin alternative income generation, UNODC contributes to poverty reduction and increased economic sustainability and resilience, thus enabling progress on SDG 1.