This module is a resource for lecturers
The following readings are recommended for students interested in exploring the topics of this Module in more detail, and for lecturers teaching the Module:
- Abbott, Kenneth W and Snidal, Duncan (2000). Hard and soft law in international governance. International organization, vol. 54(3), 421-456.
- Alston, Philip and Goodman, Ryan (2008). International human rights in context: law, politics, morals: text and materials. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Crawford, Cynthia (2001). "Hard" law v. "soft" law: unnecessary dichotomy?, in International Monetary and Financial Law Upon Entering The New Milennium: A Tribute To Sir Joseph And Ruth Gold. London: BIICL.
- Dinah, Shelton L (2008). Soft Law in Handbook of International Law. New York: Routledge Press.
- Hillgenberg, Hartmut (1999). A fresh look at soft law. European Journal of International Law, vol. 10(3), 499-515.
- Kirby, Peader (2006). Vulnerability and Violence: the impact of globalisation. London. Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto.
- O’Neill, Onora (2017). Accountable Institutions, Trustworthy Cultures. Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, vol. 9(2), 401-412.
- Olivier, Michel (2002). The Relevance of Soft Law as a Source of International Human Rights. Comp. & Int'l LJS Afr., vol. 35, 289.
- Shaffer, Gregory C and Pollack, Mark A (2009). Hard vs. Soft Law: Alternatives, Complements, and Antagonists in International Governance, Minn. L. Rev, vol. 94, 706.
- Shelton, Dinah (2003). Commitment and compliance: The role of non-binding norms in the international legal system. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Skjaerseth, Jon Birger, Stokke, Olav Schram and Wettestad, Jorgen (2000). Soft law, hard law, and effective implementation of international environmental norms. Global Environmental Politics, vol. 6(3), 104-120.
- Turner, Bryan (2006). Vulnerability and human rights (Vol. 1). Pennsylvania: Penn State Press.
- United Nations (1989). Convention on the Rights of the Child, A/RES/44/25.
- United Nations (1984). Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. A/RES/39/46.
- United Nations (1979). Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. A/RES/ 34/180.
- United Nations (1966). International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, A/RES/2200A (XXI).
- United Nations (1966). International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. GA/RES/2200A (XXI).
- United Nations (1948). Universal Declaration of Human Rights. A/RES/217A.
- Xenos, Xenos, D (2009). The Human Rights of the Vulnerable. The International Journal of Human Rights, vol. 13(4), 591-614.
Next: Student assessment