- Positivism: Environmental Influences
- Classical: Pain-Pleasure Decisions
- Structural Factors and Organized Crime
- Ethical Perspective: Moral Failure in Decision-Making
- Perspectives on Crime Causes and Facilitating Factors
Published in May 2018.
This module is a resource for lecturers
This Module presented a four-part typology of explanations of the cause and facilitating factors for organized crime: positivistic, classical, structural, and ethical. A single explanation cannot account for the different motivations of all offenders, yet some explanations offer important insights into criminal decision-making and, as Figure 6.2 shows, a combination of explanations on the causes and facilitating factors of organized crime provides clear direction regarding how criminal decisions are made and how they might be prevented in the future.