Module 4: Post-viewing activities


Subject Firearms trafficking
Learning outcomes Students should be able to:
  1. Recall the main ideas or scenes in the video
  2. Describe the relationship between firearms trafficking, escalation, conflict resolution and integrity
  3. Identify scenes in the video that mark a turning in the firearms trafficking story
  4. Challenge the misperception that certain types of firearms trafficking are harmless
Essential question How does firearms trafficking deprive people of access to safety and security, and their fundamental human rights?
Rationale The video contains metaphors and other subtleties; while powerful, they need teacher facilitation and student engagement to be expanded on.
Instructional time 45-60 minutes
Materials needed Paper, writing tools

Lesson plan procedures

1. Hold the debriefing session immediately or very soon after watching the video. If the debriefing session takes place well after the viewing of the video, you should replay the video.

2. Prior to the debriefing session, develop ground rules for discussing the sensitive topics that are raised in the video. Involve the students in the development of these rules. Remind the students that developing a culture of integrity and raising awareness of firearms trafficking require their participation and accountability. 

  • Ask the students to reflect on the best group discussions that they have participated in and identify what made these discussions stand out
  • Ask the students to reflect on the worst group discussions that they have experienced and identify what made them the worst
  • From these lists, compile 5-10 rules for the debriefing session and appropriate consequences
  • Periodically assess whether these rules are working as intended

3. Begin the debriefing session by clearly communicating its purpose to the students. Explain to the students that the purpose of the debriefing session is to engage them in the inquiry process (posing questions, testing assumptions, solving problems and analysing scenarios), rather than simply being told the video's message.

4. Start by asking a general question, such as "What are your first impressions of the video?". Then move to the questions in the Discussion Guide .

5. The Discussion Guide will help facilitate the debriefing session. You may need to replay and pause the video to reinforce certain key ideas and concepts.

6. During the debriefing session, review the key messages in the Discussion Guide. The key messages help the students to make connections between certain elements and their intended message.

7. Use the glossary to define certain terms.

8. When the debriefing session is over, ask the students to record at least three things they have learned. This will enable you to assess the activity.

9. Ask the students to list questions that they may still have about firearms trafficking.     

Close by reiterating the following messages about firearms trafficking. Get the students to write them in the (L) section of their Know-Want-Learned-Questions (KWLQ) exercise ( module 2).


Key messages

  • Resorting to the use of firearms is not an acceptable way to resolve conflicts.
  • The death, injury and heartache caused by gun violence are devastating. The threat and reality of gun violence can seriously affect entire communities.
  • Firearms are not intrinsically illegal; they become illegal when diverted into the illegal market or when misused for the commission of crimes.


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