Trafficking in persons is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of people by improper means such as force, fraud, deception, abuse of power or abuse of a position of vulnerability, with the aim of exploiting them.
Smuggling of migrants involves the procurement for financial or other material benefit of illegal entry of a person into a State of which that person is not a national or resident.
Virtually every country in the world is affected by these crimes. The challenge for all countries, richer and poorer, is to target the criminals who exploit vulnerable people, including through effective international cooperation, and to protect and assist victims of trafficking and smuggled migrants, many of whom endure unimaginable hardships in their bid for a better life.
Through the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals adopted in 2015 (A/RES/70/1), the international community has committed itself to the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, to the provision of access to justice for all and to the building of effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels (SDG 16).
In doing so, we have collectively committed to combat all forms of organized crime (16.4), including trafficking in persons. We have further to this, specifically promised to take immediate and effective measures to:
Targets 5.2, 8.7, 10.7 and 16.2 specifically address the crimes of trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants within the context of violence against women, safe and orderly migration and violence against children.
However, many of the SDG targets and goals are relevant to addressing trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants, crimes that are deeply rooted in development issues including poverty, education, gender and the effects of climate change.
|The rights of smuggled migrants and victims of human trafficking|
|Violence against smuggled migrants|
|Measures to criminalize smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons|
|The role of organized criminal groups in the smuggling of migrants|