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   This module is a resource for lecturers   

 

Exercises

 

Pre-class exercise: Who is who in combating wildlife trafficking?

The pre-class exercise serves to help students think about the role of the criminal justice system in combating wildlife trafficking, the mandate of relevant authorities, and their legal authority. The exercise should be announced in a previous class, to allow students time before the exercise to prepare accordingly.

Task

Choose any one national jurisdiction and prepare answers to the following questions:

  • What is the main government agency charged with investigating wildlife trafficking?
  • Are there specialized agencies conducting inspections in national parks, at the border, …?
  • Which ministry/department oversees these agencies?
  • What are the mandates and powers (and their limitations) of relevant authorities and officials?
 

In-class exercise 1: Criminal offences pertaining to wildlife trafficking

This exercise is designed to enable students to identify and understand offences relevant to wildlife trafficking. The exercise may require students to have access to the Internet while they undertake the task in class. The exercise can easily be adapted to other jurisdictions and offences provided relevant laws are published online and students are familiar with the language used in that jurisdiction.

Task

Choose any of the jurisdictions from column 1 and find out where one of the offences set out in column 2 is criminalized. Once found, identify the elements and penalty of the offence. Note that the offences in column 2 are expressed in broad terms; try to find the offence closest to this description.

 

Jurisdiction

Offence

Singapore

Illegally importing protected/endangered species

Canada

Presenting fraudulent documents for animal or plant material imported into the jurisdiction

South Africa

Logging without a logging licence

Australia

Bribing a customs official inspecting incoming goods at the border

 

In-class exercise 2: Use of force

This exercise is designed to enable students to discuss the use of force in investigating wildlife trafficking. The goal is to engage the students in a discussion regarding the legal and moral premises of the use of force.

Task

Scenario: A gang of several poachers hunts a group of elephants for their tusks. A baby elephant is shot first, so that the herd stops and tries to protect the young animal. A group of rangers close by hears the gunshot and approaches the poachers.

Discuss if, and to what extent, the rangers should be allowed to use force against the poachers in the following circumstances:

  • the rangers see that the poachers are heavily armed;
  • the rangers see that only one poacher carries a gun and that he started to run away once he saw the rangers;
  • the poachers are a group of three very young boys between the ages of 10 and 12.
  • the poachers shoot towards the rangers once they spot them.
 
Next: Possible class structure
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