This module is a resource for lecturers  




This Module presents the concept of restorative justice and discusses the various means by which restorative processes are used within or alongside the criminal justice system. In doing so, the Module examines underlying values and principles of restorative justice and highlights where these processes differ in philosophy and practice from conventional criminal justice responses to crime.

Particular attention is given to international standards and norms relating to restorative justice in the context of criminal justice, most notably the Basic Principles on the Use of Restorative Justice Programmes in Criminal Matters (2000) (herein after the Basic Principles).

Drawing on international research findings, the Module examines the evidence behind restorative justice. The benefits of restorative justice processes are discussed, including the reduction of reoffending and participant satisfaction. Finally, the Module examines various ways of addressing challenges that might arise in implementing restorative justice.


Learning outcomes

  • Critically evaluate the meaning of justice and the role of the criminal justice system.
  • Differentiate the goals of criminal justice processes and restorative justice.
  • Understand the concept of restorative justice and its underlying values and principles.
  • Describe the various practice models of restorative justice and their defining features.
  • Explain how restorative justice is applied in the context of criminal justice.
  • Apply knowledge of restorative justice to various situations of conflict or crime.
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