- Comparing smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons
- Differences and commonalities
- Vulnerability and the continuum between smuggling and trafficking
- When theory meets practice: smuggling of migrants or trafficking in persons?
Published in January 2019.
This module is a resource for lecturers
- Caribbean360 (2014), Women trafficked for prostitution and forced marriage in Trinidad.
- ICMPD (2017), Expert Voice: Are migrants and refugees a "vulnerable group" in the context of human trafficking?
- Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (2014), How to prevent human trafficking for domestic servitude in diplomatic households and protect private domestic workers .
- Principles and Guidelines, supported by practical guidance, on the human rights protection of migrants in vulnerable situations .
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2016), Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2016 .
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2010), Issue Paper: A Short Introduction to Migrant Smuggling .
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2004), United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Thereto .