This module is a resource for lecturers   


Advanced reading


The following readings are recommended for students interested in exploring the topics of this Module in more detail, and for lecturers teaching the Module.

  • Anderson, David (1992). ' The International Arms Trade: Regulating Conventional Arms Transfers in the Aftermath of the Gulf War'. American University International Law Review, Vol. 7, Issue 4, 749-805.
  • Berman, Eric, Mihaila Racovita and Matt Schroeder (2017). Making a tough job more difficult: Loss of Arms and Ammunition in Peace Operations. Geneva: Small Arms Survey.
  • Bricknell, Samantha (2012). Firearm trafficking and serious and organised crime gangs. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
  • Bromley, Mark and Hugh Griffiths (2010). End User Certificates: Improving standards to prevent diversion. Stockholm: SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security No. 2010/3 March.
  • Chivers, Christopher John (2010). The Gun: The AK-47 and the Evolution of War. London: Allen Lane.
  • Conflict Armament Research (2016). Investigating Cross-Border Weapons Transfers in the Sahel. London: Conflict Armament Research.
  • Daly, Angela and Monique Mann (2018). 3D Printing, Policing and Crime. Crime, Justice and Social Democracy Briefing Paper Number 1, Brisbane: Queensland University of Technology, Crime and Justice Research Centre.
  • De Vries, Marsha (2011). 'Converted Firearms: A Transnational Problem with Local Harm'. European Journal of Criminal Policy Research, Vol. 18, Issue 2, 205-216.
  • Dreyfus, Pablo, Nicholas Marsh and Marcelo de Sousa Nascimento (2006). Tracking the Guns: International Diversion of Small Arms to Illicit Markets in Rio De Janeiro . Rio de Janeiro and Oslo: Viva Rio, NISAT and ISER.
  • Duquet, Nils and Kevin Goris (2018). Firearm acquisition by terrorists in Europe: Research findings and policy recommendations of Project SAFTE. Brussels: Flemish Peace Institute .
  • Europol (2014). The Internet Organized Crime Threat Assessment (iOCTA) . The Hague, NL: European Police Office.
  • Freeman, Colin (2015). 'Inside the 'Ant Trade': How Europe's Terrorists get their Guns'. Daily Telegraph, 23 rd November, 2015.
  • Garrett, Kelly (2015). ' Legal U.S. Gun-Runners Are Arming Mexico's Cartels'. El Daily Post, Washington DC: Center for International Policy.
  • Geneva Declaration Secretariat (2015). Global Burden of Armed Violence 2015: Every Body Counts . Geneva: Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.
  • Goodman, Colby and Michel Marizco (2010). US firearm trafficking to Mexico: New data and insights illuminate key trends and challenges. Working paper series on US-Mexico Security Co-operation, 167-203, Washington DC: Wilson Center.
  • Jenzen-Jones, N.R. (2015). 'Small arms and additive manufacturing: An assessment of 3D-printed firearms, components, and accessories', in Benjamin King and Glenn McDonald (eds), Behind the Curve New Technologies, New Control Challenges. Geneva: Small Arms Survey.
  • Laville, Sandra (2016) 'UK gang bought guns from same shop as Charlie Hebdo terrorists'. The Guardian, 21 st April, 2016.
  • Mcdonald, Glenn (2012). Precedent in the making: the UN meeting of governmental experts. Small Arms Survey Issue Brief Number 5, March 2012, Geneva: Small Arms Survey.
  • Migeot, Gérard and Jan De Kinder (1999). 'Reactivating deactivated firearms', Forensic Science International, Vol. 103, Issue 3, 173-179.
  • Paoli, Giacomo Persi (2018). The Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons on the Dark Web . UNODA Occasional Papers, No. 32, New York: United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs.
  • Paoli, Giacomo Persi, Judith Aldridge, Nathan Ryan and Richard Warnes (2017). Behind the Curtain: The Illicit Trade of Firearms, Explosives and Ammunition on the Dark Web . Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation.
  • Salcedo-Albarán, Eduardo and Diana Santos Cubides (2017). Firearms Trafficking: Mexico-United States Border. The Global Observatory of Transnational Criminal Networks, Research Paper No. 16, Bogotá: Vortex Foundation.
  • Schroeder, Matthew (2016). Dribs and Drabs: The Mechanics of Small Arms Trafficking from the United States . Small Arms Survey Issue Brief Number 17, March 2016, Geneva: Small Arms Survey.
  • SEESAC (2009). Convertible Weapons in the Western Balkans . Belgrade, Serbia: SEESAC.
  • Small Arms Survey (2010). Controlling Air Transport Practice, Options, and Challenges . Chapter 2 Summary, Geneva: Small Arms Survey.
  • Small Arms Survey (2011). Craft Production of Small Arms . Number 3, March 2011, Geneva: Small Arms Survey.
  • Small Arms Survey (2015). From Replica to Real: An Introduction to Firearms Conversions . Geneva: Small Arms Survey.
  • Strazzari, Francesco and Francesca Zampagni (2018). 'Between organised crime and terrorism: Illicit firearms actors and market dynamics in Italy', in Nils Duquet (ed) Triggering Terror: Illicit Gun Markets and Firearms Acquisition of Terrorist Networks in Europe, Brussels: Flemish Peace Institute/SIPRI.
  • Thachuk, Kimberley and Karen Saunders (2014). 'Under the Radar: Airborne Arms Trafficking Operations in Africa' . European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, Vol. 20, Issue 3, 361-378.
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2010). The Globalization of Crime: A Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment. Vienna: UNODC.
  • United Nations Security Council (2017). Resolution 2370 (2017) on preventing terrorists from acquiring weapons. New York: United Nations.
  • Williamson, Helen (2015). Criminal Armourers and Illegal Firearm Supply in England and Wales. Paper from the 2015 British Criminology Conference, Vol. 15, 93-115.
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