Model United Nations topic
Corruption is a complex social, political and economic phenomenon that affects all countries. It undermines democratic institutions, erodes economies and contributes to political instability. Corruption attacks the foundation of democratic institutions by distorting electoral processes and hindering the rule of law.
There is a near-universal understanding that States should endeavour to counter corruption so that stable conditions and good governance can prevail. This is evident through the adoption of the United Nations Convention against Corruption, to which almost all States Members of the United Nations are parties.
Another example of the importance attached to corruption lies in the existence of specific targets within Sustainable Development Goal 16. Target 16.5 calls on States to "substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms", while Target 16.4 addresses illicit financial flows and 16.6 focuses on developing "effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels".
Benefits of bringing corruption-related topics to a Model United Nations conference
- Participants can learn more about different national approaches to the issue of corruption, including different negotiation strategies used by Member States.
- Participants can gain an insight into how corruption affects different areas of social and economic development.
- Discussions can focus on preventive measures and successful experiences in addressing corruption.
Suggested topics for a Model United Nations conference and related Sustainable Development Goals
|Bribery in law enforcement agencies|
|The role of civil society (or the participation of society) in countering corruption|
|Corruption and sustainable development|
|The impact of corruption on human rights|
|The role of the media in the fight against corruption|
|Corruption in sporting events|
|Protection of whistle-blowers|
|Access to information and corruption|
|Corruption in the private sector|
|Corruption and gender|
|Corruption and poverty|