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Research and independent study questions


a) Please examine the four types of relationships between terrorism and organized crime identified by Makarenko (alliance, operational motivations, convergence, black hole). Examine the different conditions that might lead the two groups to act along this "crime-terror continuum" and, when possible, provide real-life examples.

b) Besides those groups recognized as "terrorist" organizations by the United Nations, States often compile their national lists. Conduct some research on which organizations are included in the terrorist list of your country - or one of your choosing - and develop a historical timeline of how such list has changed over the years. Which historical event(s) coincided with the inclusion/removal of the organization(s) in the list?

c) Consider the definition of an organized criminal group as provided in the Organized Crime Convention. Reflect on which of the four criteria included in such definition would set terrorist organizations and organized criminal groups apart.

d) Consider one of the linkages between organized crime-terrorism presented in this Module (i.e. drug trafficking and terrorism, kidnapping for ransom and terrorism, trafficking in persons and terrorism, etc.) and conduct research on the linkage between a form of organized crime of your choosing and terrorism in your region/county. What data is available to support the existence of these linkages? What kind of linkages seem to be there? Please elaborate.

e) Conduct research on the involvement of women in terrorist organizations and organized criminal groups. What is their role in these organizations? Can you identify difference and similarity of roles covered by women in terrorist organizations and organized criminal groups? Please elaborate. 

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