This module is a resource for lecturers
There is significant confusion surrounding hacktivism, cyberespionage, cyberterrorism, cyberwarfare, information warfare, disinformation, and electoral fraud. These terms have been used by the media, politicians, academics, and practitioners often interchangeably. The misuse of these terms has led to violations of the rule of law and human rights against those viewed as engaging in these activities.
The following are the sub-pages to this section:
- Information warfare, disinformation and electoral fraud
- Responses to cyberinterventions as prescribed by international law