- The role of prosecutors
- Adversarial versus inquisitorial legal systems
- Mitigating punishment
- Granting immunity from prosecution
- Witness protection
Published in May 2018
Regional Perspective: Pacific Islands Region - added in November 2019
Regional Perspective: Eastern and Southern Africa - added in April 2020
This module is a resource for lecturers
This section provides a list of (partly open access) materials that the lecturer could ask the students to read before taking a class based on this Module.
- Article 26 (2) and (3): Measures to enhance cooperation with law enforcement authorities
- Article 24: Protection of witnesses
- Article 25: Assistance to and protection of victims
- Prosecution, adjudication, and sanctions
- Kelly, Robert J., Rufus Schatzberg, and Ko-lin Chin (1994). Without Fear of Retribution: The Witness Protection Program. In R.J. Kelly, K. Chin, and R. Schatzberg, eds., Handbook of Organized Crime in the United States. Greenwood Publishing, 491-504.
- Sheptycki, James (2017). Uneasy Truths; Criminal-Informants, Witness Protection, Trust and Legitimacy in the Policing of Organized Crime. In Contemporary Organized Crime: Developments, Challenges and Responses, H. Nelen and D. Siegel, eds. Springer.
- Trotter, Andrew (2012). Witness Intimidation in International Trials: Balancing the Need for Protection against the Rights of the Accused. George Washington International Law Review, vol. 44, 521-537.
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2008). Good Practices for the Protection of Witnesses in Criminal Proceedings involving Organized Crime. Vienna: UNODC.