- Models and structure of organized crime
- Hierarchical model of organized criminal groups
- Local, cultural model of organized crime
- Enterprise or business model of organized crime
- Focusing on groups versus activities
- New forms of organized crime: networked structures
Published in May 2018.
This module is a resource for lecturers
The following readings are recommended for students interested in exploring the topics of this Module in more detail, and for lecturers teaching the Module:
Brenner, Susan W. (2002). Organized Cybercrime? How Cyberspace May Affect the Structure of Criminal Relationships. North Carolina Journal of Law & Technology, vol. 4, 29.
Broadhurst, Roderic, Peter Grabosky, Mamoun Alazab, Brigitte Bouhours, Steve Chon. (2014). An Analysis of the Nature of Groups engaged in Cyber Crime. International Journal of Cyber Criminology, vol. 8, 1-20.
Paoli, Letizia. (2002). The Paradoxes of Organized Crime. Crime, Law and Social Change, vol. 37, 51-97.
Reuter, Peter. (1983). Disorganized Crime: The Economics of the Visible Hand Cambridge: MIT Press.
von Lampe, Klaus & Per Ole Johansen. (2004). Organized Crime and Trust: On the Conceptualization and Empirical Relevance of Trust in the Context of Criminal Networks. Global Crime, vol. 6, 159-184.